Vaishali find its origin way back in history from the Mahabharata period. It is the place where democracy found its origin around 600BC. Numerous references to Vaishali are found in texts pertaining to both Jainism and Buddhism, which have preserved much information on Vaishali and the other Maha Janapadas. Based on the information found in these texts, Vaishali was established as a republic by the 6th century BC, prior to the birth of Gautama Buddha in 563, making it the world’s first republic. Being the birthplace of the last Jain “Thirthankara” Lord Mahavir gives Vaishali a very special place in history.The founder of Buddhism, Gautam Buddha delivered his last sermon and announced his Parinirvana (attainment of enlightment) on this holy soil. It is also renowned as the land of Ambapali (Amrapali), the great Indian courtesan. It is held that the district derives its name from King Vishal. However, history records that around the time Patliputra was the centre of political, cultural and economic activities in the Gangetic plains, Vaishali came into existence as centre of the Ganga, it was the seat of the Republic of Vajji. Vaishali is credited with being the World’s First Republic to have a duly elected assembly of representatives and efficient administration.
BY AIR: Patna the capital city of Bihar is the nearest Airport from Vaishali. Patna is linked by regular flights to important cities like: Delhi, Kolkata Varanasi, Lucknow and so on. One can also reach Patna from Kathmamdu.
BY ROAD: A convenient road network covers Vaishali connecting it to a number of important cities in Bihar, such as: Patna (55 km), Muzaffarpur (37 km), which are in turn linked to rest of the country. Other important destinations in Bihar, namely; Bodhgaya (163kms), Rajgir (145kms), Nalanda (140kms) lie close by.
BY RAIL: The nearest railway station is Hajipur, which is only 25 kms away from Vaishali. Important trains service the railway station of Hajipur regularly. One can approach Hajipur from major cities all over India like: Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Varanasi.
Sonepur is Internationally famous for the large fair held on the occasion of Kartik Purnima. During Kartik Purnima Ganga Snan or ceremonial, bathing in the Ganga is held by Hindus to be unusually efficacious. On the day of full moon (Kartik Purnima) immense crowd assembles and take bath. The Mela commences on that day and lasts for more than a fortnight. It is also known as Hariharnath Kshetra Sonepur Mela, this fair was started to worship the Lord Hariharnath (Shiva & Vishnu). As it attracts several people from all over Asia, it is the largest cattle fair to be hosted in Asia. The fair is hosted for 15 days and carries on for a month. The origin of the Sonepur Fair can be dated back to the 4th century BC when Chandragupta Maurya, an Indian king, used to rule the area. Initially, Hajipur used to be the site of Sonepur Mela when only puja was performed at the famous Harihar Nath Temple. It is believed that this temple was built by Lord Rama while he was going to King Janak’s court for the marriage proposal with Sita. Since then, this temple is of great significance, especially among the locals.
The fair is also organized in the remembrance of Lord Vishnu’s intervention amid the longstanding fight between a crocodile (grah) and an elephant (gaj) in Hindu mythology. The battle was a symbol of water fighting with forest. While the elephant was bathing in the River Gandak, a crocodile attacked it. To resolve the matter, Lord Vishnu had to intervene and save the elephant.
BY AIR: 25 Km away from the Jai Prakash Narayan Airport ,Patna ,Bihar.
BY RAIL: 2 Km away from the Sonepur Railway Station.
BY ROAD: 20 Km away from Mithapur Bus Stand Patna ,Bihar.
Aami temple, also known as Maa Ambika Sthan is a temple, where the presiding deity is Maa Ambika Bhawani, also known as Parvati, Gauri, Durga, is a Hindu Goddess. She is the mild aspect of Mahadevi, who in Hindu mythology known as the great Goddess. The deity is considered to be the whole personification of Adi Parashakti, with all other deities being her manifestations or incarnations.
This holy place is situated in Bihar’s Chapra District in the city Aami village. The name of the town is originated from the temple.
In the Ami village, there is an ancient place of worship, which is called ‘Amba Asthan’. Close to the shrine there is a garden along with a deep & wide well that remains filled with water throughout the year. The well never dries up according to people. The worshippers from far flung areas pay a visit to the Yagna Kunda over this place. The devotees come here to pay their reverence to Goddess in Navaratra of April & October. Water offered by numeral devotees in the Kunda gets disappeared.
There is a belief associated with the temple is that one who worships over here, his/her wishes get fulfilled by the Goddess. Hence in Dussehra, worshippers from different places gather here to obtain the divine blessing.
Ami is approx 30 km away from Hajipur town towards Hajipur - Chapra highway.